Teaching British Values through Physical Education

As an academy, we believe sport to be an effective vehicle for promoting British values. From the earliest years children gain an understanding of the playing within the rules and developing the concept of fair play. Children gain an understanding of mutual respect through participation and showing respect for officials and other players. Our commitment to intra--school and inter-school sport provides many opportunities for children to play against others from a wide variety of backgrounds at both local and county level. In our school the children gain an understanding of democracy as they vote for their House Captains each year. Children develop an appreciation of equality and competitiveness as they experience selection on merit with mixed teams of both boys and girls taking part in intra sport.

 

Physical Education at Key Stage 3

All students in KS3 receive a double lesson (100mins) once a week. Lessons are blocked in units of work to promote greater depth of understanding, developing of skills, contextual application of these skills and the ability to perform reflectively. Students will be presented with opportunities to be creative, competitive, co-operative and to face challenges as individuals and in small groups or teams. They will learn how to think in different ways to suit the different challenges. They will be given the opportunity of demonstrating their learning, using a range of communication styles, allowing for effective assessment. This assessment will be used to inform planning and promote greater learning.

 

Year 7

Invasion games

Girls will develop the principles of movement with the ball, passing the ball, movement without the ball, scoring and the rules of the game through Netball, Football, Basketball and other similar games. Boys will develop the principles of movement with the ball, passing the ball, movement without the ball, scoring and the rules of the game through study Football, Rugby, Basketball and other similar games.

Striking/fielding games

Pupils will concentrate on accurately replicating the correct technique of throwing, catching and hitting the ball in ccricket, rounder’s, softball and other striking and fielding games.

Net/wall games

Pupils will concentrate on accurately replicating the correct technique of recognised shots, using correct hand placement and body position in Badminton, Table Tennis and Volleyball. Pupils will also begin to use these techniques to develop gameplay/rallies and their understanding of the rules.

Gymnastics

Pupils will explore the basic gymnastic actions and will learn how to replicate them accurately in performance. They will develop the ability to contribute ideas and plan sequences of movements which they will perform on your own and with others demonstrating control and precision. Pupils will also learn to identify strengths and weaknesses within your own and others performances.

Athletics

In Year 7 the main focus for this area of study will be to learn the fundamentals of both track and field athletics events. Pupils will learn to accurately replicate skills and techniques, and develop their physical and mental capacity to perform them at maximum levels.

Dance

Pupils will investigate and develop their ability to accurately replicate and perform the 5 basic dance actions: Turn, Jump, Pause, Travel and Gesture. They will become aware of musical accompaniment and will learn how to listen to the beat and move in time to it. They will be introduced to the choreographic devices of canon, unison and motif development. They will also learn to observe each other’s performances identifying strengths and weaknesses.

 

Year 8

Invasion games

Boys will continue to use the principles of movement with the ball, passing the ball, movement without the ball, scoring and the rules of the game through the study Football, Rugby, Basketball and other similar games.  Girls will build on the principles of movement with the ball, passing the ball, movement without the ball, scoring and the rules of the game through Netball, Football, Basketball and other similar games.

Striking/fielding games

Both Boys & Girls will continue to develop the correct technique of throwing, catching and hitting the ball in cricket, rounder’s, softball and other striking and fielding games. The focus will be on developing their understanding of the rules and using strategies to outwit their opponents.

Net/wall games

Both Boys & Girls will concentrate on using the skills learnt last year to outwit  your Opponents You will learn how to overcome an opponent in face to face competition, how to affect another person’s performance to enable you to outwit them.  By using the correct technique of recognised shots, using correct hand placement and body position in Badminton, Table Tennis and Volleyball. Pupils will also begin to use these techniques to develop game play/rallies to affect the game to their advantage and their understanding of the rules.

Gymnastics

Pupils will develop and refine the basic gymnastic actions and will move on to explore flight. They will explore ways in which flight can be used to link movements in sequences and how it can be used to make shapes in the air. Pupils will develop the ability to communicate these ideas by selecting appropriate and more complex movements for sequences and applying compositional devices. Not only will they be able to identify strengths and weaknesses within their own and others performances but you will also learn and be able to suggest ways in which performance can be improved.

Athletics

In year 8 pupils will develop and improve their knowledge and ability of the track and field events studied in year 7. Pupils will learn to accurately replicate skills and techniques, and develop their physical and mental capacity to perform them at maximum levels.

Dance

Pupils will explore the genre of contemporary dance and will learn to express themselves using the techniques of leading choreographers. Choreographic devices introduced in year 7 will be developed and they will explore the use of formation, mirror Image and contact.

 

Year 9

Invasion games

Pupils will build on the principles of movement with the ball, passing the ball, movement without the ball, scoring and the rules of the game through Football, Basketball and other similar games.

Striking/fielding games

Pupils will continue to develop the correct technique of throwing, catching and hitting the ball in Cricket, Rounder’s, Softball and other striking and fielding games.

Net/wall games

Pupils will concentrate on outwitting opponents by using the correct technique of recognised shots, using correct hand placement and body position in Badminton, Table Tennis and Volleyball. Pupils will also begin to use these techniques to develop game play/rallies to affect the game to their advantage.

Trampolining

Pupils will develop and refine the basic Trampoline actions. They will develop their ability to construct a routine by selecting appropriate and more complex movements for sequences. Some will be able to identify strengths and weaknesses within their own and others performances and will be able to suggest ways in which performance can be improved.

Athletics

Pupils will develop and improve their knowledge and ability of the track and field events. They will develop their ability to demonstrate these skills with improved precision, control and fluency.

Dance

Girls will explore the genre of street/contemporary dance and will learn to express themselves using the techniques of leading choreographers. Choreographic devices introduced in year 7and 8 will be developed and will explore the use of:

  • Formation
  • mirror image and
  • contact
  • Pupils will be assessed using the key concepts.

Physical Education at Key Stage 4

Core PE

All students in KS4 continue to have PE lessons throughout KS4, which allows them to continue their development of competence and confidence in a range of physical activities. Pupils will work as individuals, in groups and in teams, focusing on concepts of fairness and of personal and social responsibility. They will take on different roles and responsibilities, including coaching and officiating. Through the range of experiences that PE offers, they learn how to be effective in competitive, creative and challenging situations. Teachers will follow department lesson plans for each of the activities taught.

 

Cambridge Nationals in Sport Science

As part of the academy’s examination options, students can selection to follow the Cambridge Nationals in Sport Science examination course in KS4.

Elite sport has embraced sport science disciplines wholeheartedly in the past few decades, moving from a perspective which assumed the primacy of natural talent in producing outstanding performance, to one which considers every minute detail of an athlete’s training programme, rest time, environment and psychology in the pursuit of excellence. The Cambridge Nationals in Sport Science gives our students the opportunity to study key areas of sport science including anatomy and physiology linked to fitness, health, injury and performance; the science of training and application of training principles, and psychology in sport and sports performance.

Students will start to explore the ways in which parts of the human body work and function during physical activity and the physiological adaptations that can occur due to diet and training. They will also develop their knowledge and understanding of the principles of training, why we train in different ways and how training plans can be made to optimise results. Students will sit an exam paper at the end of the course which is worth 30% of their final grade. The 4 specific units they will complete are:

  • R041: Reducing the risk of sports injuries - by completing this unit, students will know how to prepare participants to take part in physical activity in a way which minimises the risk of injuries occurring, how to react to common injuries that can occur during sport and how to recognise the symptoms of some common medical conditions, providing a good foundation to undertake formal first aid training and qualifications.
  • R042: Applying principles of training - by completing this unit, students will develop knowledge and understanding of the principles and methods of training and the application of these in the design of training programmes along with practical skills in fitness testing.
  • R043: The body’s response to physical activity - by completing this unit, students will understand key aspects of the structure and function of the musculo-skeletal and cardio-respiratory systems and investigate some of the changes which occur to them in response to short and long-term physical activity.
  • R045: Sports nutrition - by completing this unit, students will consider the composition of a healthy, balanced diet. They will also consider the necessity of certain nutrients in particular quantities and the effects of a poor diet. They will reflect upon the role that diet plays in different sports and activities, and use the knowledge gained to produce an appropriate, effective diet plan for a performer.

Physical Education at Key Stage 5

Pearson BTEC Level 3 National Extended Diploma in Sport and Exercise Science

In KS5, students have the option to follow the BTEC sport and exercise science course, which is equivalent to three A Levels. There are 13 units that need to be completed over the two year course, these include:

  • Sport and Exercise Physiology
  • Functional Anatomy
  • Applied Sport and Exercise Psychology
  • Field and Laboratory-based Fitness Testing
  • Applied Research Methods in Sport and Exercise Science
  • Coaching for Performance and Fitness
  • Specialised Fitness Training
  • Research Project in Sport and Exercise Science
  • Physical Activity for Individual and Group-based Exercise
  • Sociocultural Issues in Sport and Exercise
  • Nutrition for Sport and Exercise Performance
  • Technology in Sport and Exercise Science
  • Sports Injury and Assessment

The course provides students with a sound, intellectually demanding vocational learning experience, giving the students the opportunity to acquire coaching and leadership awards and to use these to help develop sport within the local community. Students are assessed through a variety of assignments or assessments. The course is a combination of theory and practical activities. To succeed students will need to complete assignment work, take part in practical and be confident in leadership and coaching.

Externally-assessed units

Four units on the course will be assessment through external examinations. Each assessment is taken under specified conditions, then marked by Pearson and a grade awarded. Students must achieve all external units at pass grade or above to complete the course.

Internally-assessed units

Most units are internally assessed and subject to external standards verification. In line with the requirements and guidance for internal assessment, we select the most appropriate assessment styles according to the learning set out in the unit. This ensures that students are assessed using a variety of styles to help them develop a broad range of transferable skills. Students could be given opportunities to:

  • write up the findings of their own research
  • use case studies to explore complex or unfamiliar situations
  • carry out projects for which they have choice over the direction and outcomes
  • demonstrate practical and technical skills.

This qualification is primarily designed to support progression to employment after further study at university. However, it also supports students who may choose to progress directly to employment, as the transferable knowledge, understanding and skills will give students an advantage in applying for entry level roles or ‘school leaver’ industry training programmes and Higher Apprenticeships in areas such as sport and fitness training, coaching, and sports performance research.